Financial crimes and pension fraud are on the rise these days. With increase in digital access to financial assets, it has become easier to commit financial fraud. Also, online access is now available for your retirement funds in EPF, PPF and NPS etc. This has given scope for rising cases of pension fraud in India. Anyone with a pension pot could end up falling victim to pension fraud. You don’t have to be retired or even near retirement – scammers can target you at any age with attractive-sounding offers or investments and trick you into handing over your life savings. The chances of becoming a target are relatively small, but frauds are becoming more sophisticated and harder to spot, so it pays to be vigilant.
By being aware of the risks and taking simple precautions, you can protect yourself and your loved ones from these frauds and scams. Watch out for these warning signs.
Signs that it’s (probably) a pension fraud or pension scam
Somebody contacts you
Real advisers don’t hawk around for trade, so if it’s a cold call, text message or a knock at your door, it’s almost certainly a scam. A clever fraudster might claim to be returning your call, in the hope that you’ve recently contacted a legitimate service or adviser. Always check that an adviser is registered with the FPSB or SEBI. If possible, call them yourself on the official number given on the FPSB or SEBI website – not any number the cold caller gives you.
If you’ve been matched to an adviser using the FinVizer platform, we will tell you to expect a call from that particular adviser, so you can make sure it is the right person.
A caller may also claim to be from a government service such as Employee Provident Fund or the Income Tax Department, or something with a similar sounding name. These government services will never call you first, so don’t be fooled. If you want to call an caller back to verify that it’s really an adviser, do so on a different phone from the one you used to answer their call.
They offer you access to your pension pot before the legal retirement age
This is an easy one. Except in very special circumstances (e.g. you are in very poor health) it is not advisable access your pension before you reach legal retirement age. Therefore anyone offering this is acting against your best interest, so by definition they are already not your well-wisher. Just say no. You could also report them to the Income tax department or police.
They try to hurry you into a decision
A classic trick by rogue traders everywhere is to say a deal is about to expire, so you have to get in quick. This is partly to make sure you don’t have time to hire a bona-fide adviser who could see through their bogus offer.
Couriers are involved
One notorious technique is to cold-call a potential victim, pressure them to sign up for a scheme, and then send round the papers to sign via a courier who does not know anything about the arrangement (and so cannot answer questions). Never sign anything you don’t fully understand or aren’t fully comfortable with. Search for an independent financial adviser to go through any paperwork in detail.
They are hard to contact
Make sure you have a full postal address and landline telephone number for them, and do your best to verify both are genuine. If all you have is a website, mobile number and/or PO box address, be very suspicious. It’s also a bad sign if you find it hard to call a firm back for any reason.
The scheme they are offering sounds convoluted or exclusive
Most genuine investments are surprisingly straightforward. If someone offers you surprisingly high returns, tax ‘loopholes’ or special overseas investments, be extremely wary. Similarly, don’t put all your eggs in one basket – a genuine adviser will always recommend diversifying your portfolio.
They use certain giveaway phrases
A scam will often be disguised under phrases such a ‘pension loans’, ‘upfront cash’, ‘one-off pension investments’ or ‘free pension reviews’. Genuine financial advisers do NOT offer free pension checks. However, all advisers found through FinVizer are regulated by the SEBI or FPSB, so be sure to confirm your adviser is SEBI or FPSB regulated if you found them via any other source. Generally, avoid any offer that sounds too good to be true – you will almost certainly lose money, not gain it.
Finally, there is always the possibility of encountering a scam that no-one has seen before. The best protection against being caught out by a new fraud is only ever to use an SEBI or FPSB-regulated financial adviser whom you have engaged yourself.
What to do if you suspect a scam
If you think you have been the victim or the target of a scam, you can call SEBI or FPSB. If you may have already lost money to a fraudster, contact your local police.